verb

A verb is the centerpiece of every clause. There are linking verbs, action verbs, and helping verbs. Unlike a verbal, a verb always has a subject and can be transitive. Verbs are further classified in terms of voice, person, and tense.

In English, there are three simple tenses and these are subdivided further.

Simple tenses:

Past
Present
Future

These can be further subdivided into the perfect, progressive, and emphatic:

Past perfect
Present perfect
Future perfect

Past progressive
Present progressive
Future progressive

Past emphatic
Present emphatic
(there is no future emphatic tense)

 

Greek:

Study chapter 15 in BBG.  There are five tenses:

Present
Imperfect
Future
Aorist
Perfect

See the verb endings here.

 

Hebrew:

There are two verb forms and seven stems:

Affix form, also called perfect or QTL.
Prefix form, also called imperfect or YQTL.

Stems:

qal and nifal
hifil and hofal
piel and pual
hitpael

The endings for the strong verb are here.

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