stem

Greek:

If you take the case ending off a noun you are left with the stem.

The stem of a verb is the part of the verb that carries its basic meaning. The form λυομεν means “we loose.” The stem is λυ-.  Distinguish stem from lexical form.

Hebrew:

In Hebrew, a verb stem is an offshoot of the root that is used to indicate the properties of voice and aspect. There are seven major stems, each with its own characteristics:

Qal Stem Simple action active voice
Nifal Stem Simple action passive voice
Piel Stem Intensive action active voice
Pual Stem Intensive action passive voice
Hifil Stem Causal action active voice
Hofal Stem Causal action passive voice
Hitpael Stem Intensive action reflexive voice

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