A verbal is a word that looks like a verb in that it implies some kind of action, but it is not functioning as a finite verb.

Verbs: Verbals:
Always have a subject. Never have a subject.
Can take an object. Can take an object.
Called finite verbs because they are limited by a subject Are not limited by a subject.
Every clause must have a verb. Can never be the main verb of a clause (after all, they aren’t verbs).


In English, there are three kinds of verbals:

  1. participles;
  2. gerunds;
  3. infinitives.

They function as follows:

Learn how to diagram verbals here.

Greek and Hebrew only have two verbals, infinitives (Greek | Hebrew) and participles (Greek | Hebrew).

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