καὶ ὡμολόγησεν καὶ οὐκ ἠρνήσατο,
ὡμολόγησενNote the -εν ending on ωμολογησεν which is a great help in parsing.
καὶ ὡμολόγησεν ὅτι ἐγὼ ούκ εἰμὶ ὁ χριστός.How does principle 2 apply? What case is χριστός? What is its function? Is it a DO?
καὶ ἠρώτησαν αὐτόν· τί οὖν;
notice the question mark (BBG 4.1).
σὺ Ἠλίας εἶ; καὶ λέγει· οὐκ εἰμί. ὁ προφήτης εἶ σύ; καὶ ἀπεκρίθη· οὔ.Without looking at the spelling, what case must ηλιας be? What kind of verb is ει? What kind of sentences are these?
αποκριν preposition + stem = compound verb
απεκριν add the augment
απεκρινθη add the tense formative
απεκριθη the ν in κρινω falls off before the tense formative
απεκριθη add the verb ending
εἶπαν οὖν αὐτῷ· τίς εἶ; ἵνα ἀπόκρισιν δῶμεν τοῖς πέμψασιν ἡμᾶς·
πεμπσα add the tense formative
πεμπσαντ add the participle morpheme
πεμψαντ square of stops
πεμψαντσι add the third declension case ending
πεμψασι the ντ drops out (BBG p. 260)
πεμψασιν add a movable nu
πεμψασιν is a verbal, not a verb. There are two kinds of verbals in Greek, participles and infinitives. This is clearly a participle. It is also articular and hence must be adjectival. An adjectival participle can be attributive or substantival. This one is substantival since this participle is clearly the indirect object (hence the dative case) of the verb δωμεν. To translate πεμψασιν, use a dependent clause with “who” or “which” as your DMW. “…so that we might give an answer to those who sent us.”
τί λέγεις περὶ σεαυτοῦ;.How do you know τι here is an interrogative pronoun? What is a reflexive pronoun? σεαυτου is a second person reflexive pronoun.