function

The three basic functions are substantival, adjectival, and adverbial.

A substantive is any word performing a noun function (examples).

Adjectival means that word, phrase, or clause is modifying some noun (or pronoun). Adjectival elements in a sentence tend to answer the following questions:

what kind?
which one?
how many? (examples)

Adverbial means that word, phrase, or clause is modifying some verb. Adverbial elements in a sentence tend to answer the following questions:

how?
when?
where?
why? (examples)

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